More about acquired brain injuries (ABI)Physiotherapy Douma has strong connections to the category of patients with an acquired brain injury. Acquired brain injuries, or ABI, refers too injuries which have been dealt to the brain during a person’s life. These brain injuries can be divided into two categories: Traumatic brain damage and non-traumatic brain damage. Beside ABI, there is also brain damage acquired at birth; brain damage caused, for example, by oxygen shortage or an infection during or after birth.
Traumatic brain damage
Traumatic brain damage is caused by something outside the sufferer’s body. Examples of potential causes include: falling down a flight of stairs, a car accident or a hard hit on the head during a fight. Examples of traumatic brain damage are: a concussion or a brain contusion.
The causes of ABI can be divided as such:
Without skull damage
- (traffic) accident
- heavy object hitting the head
- being hit on the head
- shaken-baby syndrome
With skull damage
- penetration of bone fragments into the brain as a result of skull fracture
- penetration of an object into the brain, such as a bullet, bladed weapon, or metal object
- non-traumatic brain damage: non-traumatic brain damage is caused by something within the body
Non-traumatic brain damage:
- Stroke/Cerebrovascular accident (CVA): cerebral infarction (blood vessel closure)
- Cerebral haemorrhage
- Brain (encephalitis)
- Meninges (meningitis)
- Poisoning/intoxication (drugs, alcohol)
- Oxygen shortage (hypoxia/anoxia), due to: cardiac arrest; near-drowning; blocking of the trachea, smoke poisoning
- Metabolic disorders
The degenerative illnesses below can be classified as ABI, but are often not counted among ABI in healthcare, because the treatment of these afflictions differs greatly from other acquired brain injuries.
- Physiotherapy Hilvertshoek does treat these degenerative illnesses!
- Multiple sclerosis
- M. Parkinson
- M. Alzheimer
- Huntington’s disease